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Except for breast milk, which is the only food capable of satisfying the needs of the human being during a stage of life -the first 6 months of life-, there is no essential food either in childhood or in adulthood.
On our site we tell you what essential amino acids are essential for children, because they cannot be obtained in any other way than through diet.
The presence of fruits or vegetables in the children's diet, although desirable, is not essential at all. It is true that essential nutrients must be provided through the diet, since, as the name suggests, they are essential. In fact, are called essential as they cannot be obtained in any way other than diet, the body cannot synthesize them and yet it needs them to ensure its functioning.
They are essential:
- Some vitamins
- Fatty acids from fats
- Amino acids from proteins.
Focusing on proteins, let's see what are the essential essential amino acids for children:
- While adults need the contribution of 8 amino acids, children may need to get up to 10 amino acids through diet. These essential amino acids are histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, valine, arginine, and threonine.
- Arginine is considered a semi-essential amino acid, since its need is conditioned by the state of health and the stage of development in which the individual is. It seems proven that newborns, especially if they are premature, and in a way that is directly proportional to their prematurity, are unable to synthesize arginine in their own body, which is why the amount of arginine present in colostrum is much higher than in mature milk. In full-term pregnancies and in children, arginine can be synthesized in the body (in all ages, in fact), you just have to take into account that the speed at which it is synthesized during early childhood is lower than that of adults (the speed increases with age), hence it is partially necessary to supply it with the diet, especially during early childhood.Legumes, nuts, grains, meat, eggs, and seafood are rich in arginine.
- Histidine is needed in babies and children, decreasing its need with the age of the child. While in this case the amino acid can be considered essential in childhood, it becomes semi-essential in adulthood, being necessary only if the body does not synthesize enough. Soybeans, beef, raw salmon, eggs, cheeses, and chicken breast are rich in histidine.
- There are other types of amino acids, called conditionals, They include arginine, cysteine, glutamine, tyrosine, proline, serine, ornithine, and glycine. These amino acids are not necessary on a day-to-day basis, however, under stress conditions or in some diseases, they can become essential.
It is not necessary for each meal to provide, individually, all the essential amino acids, however, if they should be supplied on a day-to-day basis, therefore, the higher the biological value of the protein, the more possibility that all these amino acids are included and in the right proportion.
You can read more articles similar to Essential amino acids essential for children, in the Infant Nutrition On-Site category.