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Does your child have trouble pronouncing certain words or letters? When it is not a question of a physical problem, we are talking about functional dyslalia, that is, when the child has difficulty producing or articulating phonemes without any anatomical deformation, or something that physically prevents you from pronouncing them.
According to the psychopedagogue Ana Carballal, an expert in early care, functional dyslalia is the most common in childhood, and it is usually detected in children who are learning to speak. "Children simply do not learn and do not know well the point and mode of articulation of the phoneme," said the expert.
Depending on the phoneme that is more difficult to pronounce, it will be the type of dyslalia that the child presents. Here are the more frequent dyslalias in childhood.
1- Sigmatism: is when the phoneme "s" is mispronounced. It is a disorder in which children lisp a lot, for example: "Zalio el Zol". When pronouncing this phrase, the child places the tongue between the teeth and this is how it produces the lisp.
2- Rotacism: is when the phoneme "r" is articulated incorrectly. When the child mentions the letter r, they usually mention it as if it were a vibrating sound. This is one of the most frequent mistakes, since pronouncing it has a higher degree of complexity.
3- Ambacism: it is when the phoneme "l" is replaced by the phoneme "r", example: instead of pronouncing "boat", the child pronounces "balco".
4- Deltacism: it is the non-articulation corresponding to the phoneme “d”.
5- Tetacism: it is the non-articulation of the phoneme "t".
To be able to solve these speech disorders, exercises and therapies with specialists can be performed, which will allow the child to carry out an adequate treatment according to their needs. Among the treatments for the most frequent dyslalias in childhood, we can mention:
1- Stimulation to produce sounds, along with movements and postures.
2- Stimulation and coordination of movements to associate them with the pronunciation of sounds.
3- Pronunciation of sounds by syllables.
4- Practice the pronunciation of whole words through games
You can read more articles similar to The most frequent dyslalias in childhood, in the category of Mental Disorders on site.